EXPERIMENTAL FOREST

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Fax : +886-49-641184
Website : http://ccsun57.cc.ntu.edu.tw/~exfo/
E-mail : exfo@ms.cc.ntu.edu.tw

PREFACE

The Experimental Forest, National Taiwan University was formerly established in 1901 by Tokyo Imperial University, Japan. In 1945, Japan government returned Taiwan to China, and thus the management of the Experimental forest was transferred to the Taiwan province. Since the Experimental Forest was officially entrusted to National Taiwan University in 1950, it has served as an ideal place for research, teaching and field practice, environmental conservation and management demonstration.
The Experimental Forest is located in three townships, Hsin-Yi, Shui-li and Lu-ku, of Nan-tou County (in the central part of Taiwan). Its shape is long and narrow, with the long axis of north-south direction. Chen-yu-lan River forms the east boundary, while Mt. Lin-tou and Mt. Chang-kong-lun form the west boundary. The Experimental Forest covers 32,781 ha of forests. The elevations range from 200 m by Chou-shui River to 3952 m at Mt. Morrison. The wide range of elevations result in four vegetation zones, including subtropical, warm, temperate and frigid zones. The diverse plant species and rich natural resources make the Experimental Forest an ideal place for research, teaching and practice.

OBJECTIVES

1. Research: In addition to the general studies, the Experimental Forest should focus on the problems of management and work on the finding of the solutions.

2. Teaching and practice: With the bountiful materials and various facilities, the Experimental Forest can provide practice courses for students of Forestry-related majors. Graduate students can find study topics in the Experimental Forest, where they can survey regularly. All schools are encouraged to cooperate with the Experimental Forest in the teaching and practice of their students.

3. Management demonstration:
(a) Land use management: In different areas, forestlands of various land uses such as plantations and contracted forests are checked and surveyed in different stages. For the computerized and digitized management of the forests and the integrity of the Experimental Forest, the survey results are directly transferred into the basic database of forest Geographic Information System.
(b) Ecosystem management: The original states of the natural forests are preserved against the anthropogenic disturbances. In the man-made forests, the structures are adjusted, the rotation period prolonged and the superior local tree species selected to build plantations of multi-layers and mixed species, enhance wood quality and increase wood use ratios. Forestation has been encouraged and rewarded in the contracted lands according to "Guidelines of all people forestation movement". "Sha-li-xian Natural Education Center" and "Phoenix Natural Education Garden" were planned to serve as classrooms of ecological recreation. The Experimental Forest makes great efforts to conserve soil and water and sustain forest resources in order to safeguard the land and protect our people from harm.

4. Environmental conservation: Today's forestry policies put emphasis on ecological conservation of forests. In the Experimental Forest, there are various unique habitats for rare plant and animal species. We have planned many ecological reserves to reinforce the natural conservation.

ORGANIZATION

The headquarters are located at Chu-shan, Nan-tou County. The organization rules were modified once again in 1998. The president of National Taiwan University has the right to employ the director and the deputy director of the Experimental Forest. In the headquarters there are six divisions, Teaching and Research, Planning, Management, Forest Operation, Forest Recreation and General Affairs, and two sections, Personnel and Fiscal Control. In the fields there are six tracts, which manage a total of 42 compartments. In addition, there is a factory of lumbers and furniture, which is controlled by a manager. General Policy Committee, Technology Discussion Committee and Wood-product Handling Committee were established to review and examine the budgets, the final accounts, the major policies, and studies of the Experimental Forest. Today the Experimental Forest employs 8 researchers, 64 staff members and 80 skilled/manual workers. conservation.

CURRENT ACTIVITIES

Research:The research building had been expanded and more instruments were acquired. In addition to the present 8 researchers, more are expected to join the Experimental Forest in the near Future. There are 21 undergoing studies and 122 long-term study sites distributed in different tracts, where the surveys are made regularly. The results of studies have been published in more than 700 papers, which were mailed to 65 organizations in Taiwan, 20 organizations in China and 54 organizations in 18 other countries for promoting academic communications. Teaching and Practice: Every year, 14,000 students from 25 departments in 18 schools come to practice in the Experimental Forest, which Forest assigns 1,200 man-times to help. In Chi-tou and Ho-she tracts, dormitories, restaurants and recreation rooms were built to accommodate these students. Therefore, the Experimental Forest was designated as one of the national outdoor Centers of Ecological Education to regularly hold activities for Science teachers and parents and children for promoting education of natural science.
Management demonstration: The Experimental Forest has made great efforts in forestation. However, the reduced lumbering led to the decreased lands for forestation. Nowadays, the emphasis has been put in the reforestation of the failed forested lands, grasslands and landslide lands. In the Experimental Forest, there are near 23,500 ha of forests, including man-made forests, public safety forests and natural forests, which accumulate 2.4 millions cubic meters of wood. The beautiful forests are the best examples of forestation on Central Mountain Ranges and play an essential role in conserving water. In addition, the Experimental Forest established the forest recreation area, forest ecological conservation area, tea plantations and various arboretums to demonstrate the multi-goal management of forest resources. Environmental Conservation: To meet toady's ecological trends, the Experimental Forest has made great efforts in natural conservation. The bountiful forest resources, diverse vegetation and unique ecological natures make the Experimental Forest the national treasure house. We closely watch the forests against any land abuse and unlawful tree-felling, enhance the conservation of soil and water, flood control, fire control, disease and insect control and so on. In addition, the interpretive signs were erected all over Chitou Forest Recreation Area to provide tourists with the knowledge of environmental conservation.

FUTURE PROSPECT

The Experimental Forest once supported itself by selling the cut lumbers. However, in the past ten years or so, the cutting has been stopped, and thus the financial resources are greatly reduced. Therefore, the Experimental Forest can only hope to raise more funds from the official budget. We try our best to cut expenses and find various funds to expand the researches and teaching facilities, cultivate more forestry scientists and technological staffs, reinforce the academic communications with organizations in Taiwan and other countries, and raise the international academic status. The Experimental Forest compiled the plans for natural ecological conservation, the public safety forests and water-conserving forests, reinforced the management and maintenance of forestlands, developed the forest resources of natural ecology and recreation, demonstrated the multi-goal management of forests to meet the international trends of ecological conservation. The Experimental Forest expects to contribute to the securityf of national lands and environmental conservation.

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